Why are some countries more and some less successful in utilising BIOMASS, the oldest source of energy used by mankind? Everybody knows that South-east Europe is very rich in forests – in Croatia, for example, forest land covers 43.5 % of state territory and with 0.51 hectare of forests per capita Croatia may be considered as a European country with significant forest area. Bioenergy in its traditional forms is still very important source of energy in Croatia and most of South-East European countries but greater uptake of modern bioenergy technologies is still missing!
Why biomass is still undiscovered land among other renewable energy sources in South-east Europe? Many studies have been done; many projects have been completed during past decades but still biomass projects are rare species.
Is there a simple answer why? The answer could be (surprisingly!) simple – biomass projects need biomass! Unlike other renewables, simple investment and building an energy plant is not enough here – one would also need an efficient, robust and sustainable biomass supply chain, this could be the answer!
A new project – Sustainable Regional Supply Chains for Woody Bioenergy (in short BioRes financed through EU Horizon 2020 Programme) aims to establish and strengthen domestic supply chains for quality controlled woody bioenergy products in Bulgaria, Croatia and Serbia by means of promoting and implementing an innovative concept of Biomass Logistic and Trade Centres (BLTCs) to increase biomass market uptake. The project plans to utilise experience from technology leaders from Europe, in particular Austria, Slovenia, Germany and Finland.